References

- Tokey Hill
- Spinal Manipulation Techniques
- Myofascial Release
- Massage Therapy
- Spinal, visceral and extremity mobilizations
- Postural training
- Muscle energy
- Strain/Counterstrain
- Traditional modalities
- Ultra-sound
- Ionto-phoresis
- Phonophoresis
- Manual stretching and conditioning
- PNF patterns
- Isotonics
- Isometrics
- Isokinetic exercise
- Plyometrics
- Systemic conditions
- Lyme disease
- Myofascial Syndrome
- Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome
- TMJ dysfunction
- CABG
- Dementia
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Diabetes
- Celebrities

PNF patterns

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) patterns are A manual therapeutic exercise technique that promotes the response of normal movements, in neurological patterns (diagonal directions), of the body through stimulation of the sensory system responsible for detecting position and movement. It uses basic reflexes of the body that are hard wired to promote relaxation contraction and proprioceptive controlled movements. These techniques can be applied while the patient just relaxes and the doctor stretches the patient while they passively rest or actively assist or resist the directional motion of the techniques. These three differences are used for different purposes which a trained professional can explain.