References

- Tokey Hill
- Spinal Manipulation Techniques
- Myofascial Release
- Massage Therapy
- Spinal, visceral and extremity mobilizations
- Postural training
- Muscle energy
- Strain/Counterstrain
- Traditional modalities
- Ultra-sound
- Ionto-phoresis
- Phonophoresis
- Manual stretching and conditioning
- PNF patterns
- Isotonics
- Isometrics
- Isokinetic exercise
- Plyometrics
- Systemic conditions
- Lyme disease
- Myofascial Syndrome
- Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome
- TMJ dysfunction
- CABG
- Dementia
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Diabetes
- Celebrities

Phonophoresis

Phonophoresis is the therapeutic application of ultrasound with a topical drug in order to facilitate transdermal drug delivery. An ultrasound machine uses sound waves to travel through the skin and into the body. A gel is used to help sound waves enter the body and create the effect of deep heat in your muscles and joints. Medicine, most commonly a corticosteroid, is added to the ultrasound gel. The sound waves from the ultrasound machine push the medicine deep into the body.